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Showing posts from February, 2013

Health

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare comprises of following four Departments: ·Department of Health and Family Welfare ·Department of AYUSH ·Department of Health Research ·Department of AIDS control National Programmes:
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) (launched on 12th April 2005) It aims at providing affordable, accessible, and accountable health services to the poorest households in the remotest rural regions. Thrust Area: To establish a fully functional, community owned, decentralised health delivery system with inter sectoral convergence at all levels, to ensure simultaneous action on a wide range of determinants of health like water, sanitation, education, nutrition, social and gender equality. Five pillars of the architectural corrections envisaged under NRHM: i.Increasing Participation and Ownership by the Community ii.Improved Management Capacity iii.Flexible Financing iv.Innovation in human resources development for the health sector v.Setting of standards and norms with moni…

Women Empowerment - Part 2

National Policy for Empowerment of Women, 2001 Thrust areas: ·Judicial and legal reforms to make the judicial process more gender sensitive to women’s need ·Social and economic empowerment of women ·Changing societal attitudes and community practices by active participation and involvement of both men and women National Commission for Women (NCW) ·It is a statutory body ·The apex national level organization of India with the mandate of protecting and promoting the interests of women ·It has five cells viz. The legal cell, Research and Studies cell, NRI cell, RTI cell, Complaint and investigation cell. ·It came to picture after the NCW Act 2005

    Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat (PMLA)

     It is established under the Legal Service Authority Act for the redress and speedy trail of marital disputes and other family disputes. It provides mutual settlement and flexibility in functioning.


Note: The 8th Five Year Plan gave importance to women participation and saw women as partners in the growth of the …

Legislature: Bills and Acts in News

Some Basic Concepts about law making in India



The Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Bill, 2011
1. It seeks to consolidate and amend the law relating to the scientific and regulation of mines and minerals. 2. Gram shabhas, District Councils or District Panchayats must be consulted before the notification of an area for mineral concessions 3. State Government may give concessions in the ST or tribal areas 4. Mining companies will allot at least one non-transferable share to each person of family affected by mining related operations 5. The holder of a mining lease shall also be liable to provide employment in addition to other compensations payable to affected families or persons 6. State government may levy tax on major or minor minerals 7. The central government will establish a National Mineral Fund. 8. The central government shall establish a National Mining Regulatory Authority and National Mining Tribunal 9. On the similar lines the bill empowers the States to establish State M…

Children

Child Development Some Facts: 20%      children under 5 years of age are wasted
48%      are stunted
70%      children between the age group of 6months and 59 months are anaemic
42.5%   children under the age of 5 years are under-weight
As per the Human Development Report 2011, India is far behind achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) set by the United Nations for Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) of 42 per 1,000 live births by 2015. In 2009 India stood at 64 deaths per 1000 live births against 31 in China.
(Data taken from various government newsletters for the year 2012)

India is faced with a great problem of addressing the needs of its children so that they can grow into healthy youth of tomorrow and strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation can constantly rise to higher levels of endeavour and achievement as is enshrined in one of the fundamental duties of the Constitution of India.
The present article attempts at br…

Current Economic Scene

Current Economic Scene The Indian economy is facing several challenges these days. The GDP which was projected at 8% and more have been revised to 5.5% for the current fiscal. Several reasons are responsible for the sluggishness. Chief among them is the growing oil prices and depreciating rupee, the flight of foreign investors amidst worsening Euro Zone crisis and downgrading of Indian economy by the sovereign rating agencies. Though the government of India brushes aside the allegations that the reform measures taken recently to bring back the animal spirit‘ in the economy, it has taken some long awaited reforms. The article briefly discusses the various concerns and reforms. Inflation remains the chief problem, reducing the elbow space for RBI (which nevertheless had lowered the CRR and SLR recently to allow the banks reduce the interest rates and boost the investor sentiments). The rising wages remain the chief reason behind the rising inflation. Also, the depreciated rupee makes t…

Indian Economy background

Indian economy faced a grave crisis in the early years of the last decode of the last century. The annual rate of inflation touched 17%, fiscal deficit rose to 8.4% of GDP, the current account deficit in the Balance of Payment was an unsustainable $9.9 billion and the country’s foreign exchange reserve went down to such a level that the country was not in the position of meeting the country’s import bills for a week. The reasons for such a situation rest on three factors: ØLack of fiscal discipline of the former governments ØCollapse of USSR ØFailure of monsoon ØGulf crisis This led to major structural reforms in the economy. The economy was liberalised and opened for foreign investors. The high bureaucratic control on various sectors of the economy was removed and the licence and permit raj was ended. To encourage the foreign investors, Foreign Exchange Regulatory Act (FERA) was amended and in its place Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) was enacted. A major disinvestment drive be…

Women Empowerment - Part 1

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India cannot develop leaving women behind. The development of the agency of women as Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze note is not only a means of development but also the end of development as what is development with half of our population living a life of inequality (actually with falling female male ratio, I take pain while referring to women as half the population).

Some Facts to start with New intensive production techniques tended to prioritise men’s labour over women’s have tweaked the division of labour that existed in the hunter-gatherer societies where men used to hunt and women used to gather argues Chris Harman in his book ‘A People’s History of The World’. With India eyeing on higher GDP growth rate and declining female male ratio can we co-relate Chir Haris view with the societal need of growing economic productivity  in order to make it more “developed”? Though the Prime Minister of India talked about “sustainability” and “inclusiveness” as two fundamentals to our growth at …